Itkul Lake (The sacred lake) is located in the north of the Chelyabinsk oblast, in 20 kilometers from the city Verkhniy ufaley. This is a real mountain lake surrounded by many mountains; the highest of them is Karabajka (544м) on southwest coast of Lake Itkul, sharply allocated among low neighboring mountains. Here the small river Karabajka runs into Lake Itkul. The name goes back to Tatar-Bashkir "karabaj" which means a rich man. Lake Itkul is one of the most beautiful places of the Chelyabinsk oblast. The original island "Gal`ka" consisting of heap of stones and boulders is located on Itkul Lake. If you look at it from far away it looks like a herd of cows standing in the water and hiding from heat. One more picturesque sight that even more attracts attention is "Shaytan-stone" ("evil ghost", "devil") - a lonely cliff considerably removed from the coast and standing along in the water.
Coasts near the Shaytan-stone are known by their beauty and have some small caves. The Shaytan-stone played an important role in life of people. There was a custom: if the summer is rainy and the sky is cloudy one need to kill a white ram on the Shaytan-stone and the sun will come. In case of a drought one need to kill a black ram on the Shaytan-stone and the rain will come.
Age of the Itkul village is 318 years. During ancient times word Itkul sounded as "Ikkul" if to say more precisely "Yjjkkul" that means sacred lake in translation. The Bashkir are native people and lived on Itkul more than three centuries. But in general people found and liked this lake 7000 years ago. Archeologists never left this lake without "full bag". They even made discovery here. It appeared that there was such nation, native people called Itkultsy. N.B.Vinogradov's and other researchers build in 400 years of history time for them. 2700 years ago they appeared and in four centuries were gone. Itkultsy were metallurgists and smiths. Their time belongs to the early Iron Age but still they remain experts in copper and bronze. On the sites of their ancient settlement archeologists found nearly three tens of metallurgical furnaces at one place and also slag, ore, crucible, casting forms. Archeologists found out the amazing similarity of bronze weapons forged by Itkultsy with weapons of steppe nomads who lived in southern areas of the Ural Mountains. At the same time the presence of horses in herds that were owned by the Itkultsy- forest people looked strange but proved barter exchange between northerners and southerners.
From the southeast to Itkul flow some small lakes. For example, Tashkul which is known as the deepest lake - 34 meters with the water so transparent and pure that one can see white stones at the bottom of this river.
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